Québec has adopted a GHG reduction target of 6% below 1990 level in 2012 and of 20% below 1990 level in 2020. Quebec’s GHG inventory shows that in 2009 the province emitted 81.8 Mt of CO2 eq, GHG emissions and has steadily reduced the GHG emissions since 2004. In 2009, the GHG emissions were 2.5% below 1990 level, on track to meet the 2012 target.Quebec’s 2009 emissions represented 11.9% of the Canadian GHG emissions (third largest emitter after Alberta accounting for 34% and Ontario for 25%). Quebec’s per capita emissions in 2009 were 10.4 tons of CO2 equivalent compared to 20.3 tons of CO2 equivalent for Canada. That level of emission is comparable to the per capita emissions of the European Union. Transport was the highest emitting sector in Quebec in 2009 representing 44% of the emissions. Road transport represented 76% of the emissions of that sector. The industrial sector occupied the second place, with 28% of the emissions. Residential, commercial and institutional emissions (buildings) were in third place with 14% of the emissions. Agriculture, waste and emissions related to electricity production represented respectively 8%, 6% and less than 1%. That last value is explained by the extensive use of hydroelectric energy in Quebec, accounting for 97% of the electricity production. Of noted interest is the fact that Quebec was able to reduce its GHG emissions while the population grew by 14% and the GDP increased by 45% between 1990 and 2009. The GHG emissions per GDP decreased by 31% between 1990 and 2009 thus showing a strong increase in energy efficiency. Renewable energies accounted for 50% of the total energy consumption in Quebec in 2009.
- Québec and Climate Change - A Challenge for the Future
- Fifth annual report on the Climate Change Action Plan
- Quebec 1990-2009 GHG Inventory (french)